A Multi-scale and a Multirange Methodology Application for the Documentation of a New-found Levantine Rock Art Site of Barranco Gómez in Castellote (Teruel, Spain)

Angás Pajas, Jorge
IFRAO Inter-Congress Symposium NEWS FROM THE WORLD
Participation type: 
Ponencia plenaria e invitada
Other authors: 
Angás Pajas, Jorge; Bea Martínez, Manuel; Domingo Sanz, Inés
Valcamonica (Italy)

This paper presents a detailed analysis of the methodology used and developed in the research of a recent Levantine rock art shelter discoved in Castellote: “Barranco Gómez” (Teruel, Spain). This open-air rock art shelter with paintings represents a particular topic in this artistic tradition: the best-preserved and most complex depiction of honey gathering in this artistic cycle, with a development in two distinct surfaces: wall and ceiling. In it, a climber, with facial features, climb a ladder formed by loops of rope. The ensemble also includes marching archers, a deer hunting scene, and a retrospiscent hind with a unique representation of the muzzle. The stylistic and thematic analysis of the human figures allows us to recognize three different execution phases and the establishment of territorial links with other rock art nucleus in the Northern area of Levantine art. The uniqueness of the ensemble's location, on an almost vertical edge of a cliff that currently presents a narrow cornice, determined the application of a series of systems adapted to the particularity of the ensemble and the landscape where it is integrated. A multi-scale documentation system was used to register the environment, rocky facade, and detail of each panel using a fixed-wing drone, a quad drone, 3D laser scanner, structured light 3D scanner and photogrammetry, as well as different types of sensors used for documentation included multispectral and thermographic cameras. The results allowed for the creation of a web application for the three-dimensional study of the open-air rock art site.