Near-real time flash drought monitoring system and dataset for Spain
Flash droughts are characterized by rapid development and intensification, which makes early warning and monitoring difficult. Flash drought monitor (FDM) is a near-real time monitoring system for Spain (https://flash-drought.csic.es) based on the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI). Flash drought identification was based on rapid and anomalous declines in SPEI at a short time scale (1-month). Thus, FDM enables operational tracking of flash drought conditions in Spain at high spatial resolution (1.1 × 1.1 km) and high temporal frequency (weekly). Likewise, to put flash drought monitoring into a temporal context, the FDM also provides weekly flash drought conditions recorded in Spain from 1961 to the present. The FDM is a useful tool for preparedness and mitigation of flash droughts in Spain. Furthermore, the data provided by the FDM could be useful to develop future studies in relation to the flash drought in Spain.