Numerical modelling of the breast reconstruction using silicone gel-filled implants
In the last two decades, the number of women undergoing breast implant procedures, used in aesthetic, oncologic and risk reducing surgery has exponentially increased.
Breast reconstruction allows to reestablish breast shape and volume, restoring the patient’s body image, the sense of femininity as well as improving the overall quality of life. These artificial devices can be implanted under the breast tissue (subglandular) or the chest muscle (retropectoral).
The breast implant procedure continues to improve, over time, but changes in breast behavior after augmentation have not been fully investigated, mainly by using of finite element methods. In this study, the authors pretend to apply the finite element method to investigate the static and dynamic behavior of the breast with and without implant, therefore it is possible to select materials which can lead to a more natural breast.